noun. Among the Northwest's largest music festivals are the Merritt Mountain Music Festival, the Vancouver Folk Music Festival, the Sasquatch! Subscribe now. Performing a scientific expedition in the manner of James Cook, Malaspina's scientists studied the Tlingit and Nuu-chah-nulth peoples before returning to Mexico. Teriyaki restaurants are particularly common in the Seattle area. [40] After a war scare with the United Kingdom, the Oregon boundary dispute was settled in the 1846 Oregon Treaty, partitioning the region along the 49th parallel and resolving most, but not all, of the border disputes (see Pig War). Oregon was the first U.S. state to legalize physician-assisted suicide, with the Death with Dignity Act of 1994. Well off or upper middle class. [24][25][26][27][28][excessive citations] On June 17, Drake and his crew found a protected cove when they landed on the Pacific coast of what is now Northern California. From quizzes about your hometown to quizzes about your favorite songs, has it all! Bob Jones and Paul Keith Davis. From Mexico, Malaspina dispatched the last Spanish exploration expedition in the Pacific Northwest, under Dionisio Alcalá Galiano and Cayentano Valdes aboard the schooners Sutil and Mexicana. Portland is a major microbrewery center in America,[111] and is home to numerous breweries. David Lam. Stay tuned and study speak words correctly with Word Panda. [14] Other evidence for human occupation dating back as much as 14.5 kya (14,500 years ago) is emerging from Paisley Caves in south-central Oregon. Upon encountering the Salish coastal tribes, either Pérouse or someone in his crew remarked, "What must astonish most is to see painting everywhere, everywhere sculpture, among a nation of hunters". This is part of a long tradition of activist religion. Most mixed ancestry people ended up resettled in or around Indigenous reserves during the subsequent period, or otherwise assimilating in the mainstream.[38]. As of 2016, the combined populations of the Lower Mainland region (which includes Greater Vancouver), the Seattle metropolitan area, and the Portland metropolitan area totaled around nine million people. A number of words derived from the native languages of the Pacific Northwest have made it into the broader American vernacular: chinook, potlatch, sockeye, coho, geoduck, totem. [89] The Alcan smelter at Kitimat continues in operation and is fed by the diversion of the Nechako River (a tributary of the Fraser) to a powerhouse on the coast at Kemano, near Kitimat. [93] Carl Abbott argues that, given the twin factors of limited economic integration vis-a-vis NAFTA, and cultural similarities, he views the major cities as "going their separate ways" as east–west gateways of commerce, competing with each other, rather than forming north–south connectors of a tentative "mega-region". This prompted Spain to send expeditions north to assert Spanish ownership, while Captain James Cook and subsequent expeditions by George Vancouver advanced British claims. Two of the five Shingon Buddhist temples in America are located in Seattle. An Alpine climate dominates in the high mountains. Duff. The Pacific Ocean was reached "overland" in 1805. Despite the second Great Migration from the 1940s to 1960s due to the booming Boeing war industry and post-war growing economy, African Americans are less numerous in the Pacific Northwest; however, the overall African American population has been growing in other smaller urban areas throughout the region, such as Spokane and Eugene. Much of it ended up assimilating to the melting pot or sometimes folding into reservations. Francisco de Eliza himself took the ship San Carlos into the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Fish wheel. Liberal and Conservative Northwesterners, such as former U.S. Today, its influence is felt mostly in place names and a handful of localized slang terms, particularly the word skookum, which remains hallmark of people raised in the region. As a result, the Spanish explorers, who had set out from Nootka, became the first Europeans to circumnavigate Vancouver Island. The language held on South of the border in a few early settlements such as French Prairie, Frenchtown (Washington), Frenchtown(Montana), Cowlitz Prairie and French Settlement. [22], In British Columbia and Southeast Alaska, the Tlingit and Haida erected large and elaborately carved totem poles that have become iconic of Pacific Northwest artistic traditions. These early settlements got resupplied through waves of new arrivals from the Oregon Trail attracted by the language and Catholics communities . is a popular Seattle-based public indie music radio station known across the country. Seattle is one of a handful of major cities in North America in which the populace engaged in a general strike (in 1919), and was the first major American city to elect a woman mayor, Bertha Knight Landes (in 1926). These areas are also leading "creative class" economic drivers, feeding thriving cultural sectors, and include many knowledge workers and numerous international advertising, media, and design firms present. Northern latitude and coastal breezes create a climate that attracts international recognition for its mostly family-owned and operated vineyards and wineries. This was rejected, as the UK did not wish to risk war with the United States, whose forces were better prepared and trained much more than the British troops. In the process, they discovered the Strait of Georgia and explored it as far north as Texada Island. These first settlements were: French Prairie, Frenchtown near Walla Walla, Cowlitz Prairie (Washington), French Settlement (Oregon) and Frenchtown near Missoula. From a base at Port Discovery, his pilotos (masters) José María Narváez and Juan Carrasco explored the San Juan Islands, Haro Strait, Rosario Strait, and Bellingham Bay. In addition to all this, the region has its own representative non-FIFA team which joined the N.F.-Board officially in 2013 to participate in friendlies and the VIVA World Cup.[112]. Alessandro Malaspina, sailing for Spain, explored and mapped the coast from Yakutat Bay to Prince William Sound in 1791, then sailed to Nootka Sound. Ethnic staples ranging from frozen perogies or samosas to frozen spring rolls or dim sum are common in most supermarkets in these communities. The Spanish explorers knew of Admiralty Inlet and the unexplored region to the south, but they decided to sail north. [98] As of December 6, 2012, possession of less than an ounce of marijuana for recreational use by persons over 21 years of age became legal in Washington state as a result of state ballot measure Initiative 502, which was approved by the state's voters on November 6, 2012, by a ten-point margin. The Columbia River cuts a deep and wide gorge around the rim of the Columbia Plateau and through the Cascade Range on its way to the Pacific Ocean. In Washington and Oregon, many residents passionately follow college athletics. Simon Fraser explored and mapped the Fraser River from Central British Columbia down to its mouth in 1808. A region of the northwest United States usually including the states of Washington and Oregon. The south-central Coast Mountains in British Columbia contain the five largest mid-latitude icefields in the world. Northwest definition is - to, toward, or in the northwest. In 1779, a third Spanish expedition, under the command of Ignacio de Artega in the ship Princesa, and with Quadra as captain of the ship Favorite, sailed from Mexico to the coast of Alaska, reaching 61° N. Two further Spanish expeditions, in 1788 and 1789, both under Esteban Jose Martínez and Gonzalo López de Haro, sailed to the Pacific Northwest. Pacific Northwest synonyms, Pacific Northwest pronunciation, Pacific Northwest translation, English dictionary definition of Pacific Northwest. Tell your friends about this page. tags: pacific-northwest, summer. Crazy or insane. Opposite of an onshore breeze. [104] Politically, the Pacific Northwest is actively involved in environmental efforts. determiner. In 1579 the British captain and erstwhile privateer Francis Drake sailed up the west coast of North America perhaps as far as Oregon before returning south to land and make ship repairs. [19] The Pacific Northwest Coast is one of the few places where politically complex hunter-gatherers evolved and survived to historic contacts, and therefore has been vital for anthropologists and archaeologists seeking to understand how complex hunter and gatherer societies function. Another Spanish explorer, Jacinto Caamaño, sailed the ship Aranzazu to Nootka Sound in May 1792. << definition of pacific newt. English Dictionary Synonyms for Pacific Northwest. Long butt. [49], Because of summer air dryness and low humidity, many of the main cities of the region have Mediterranean climates. In 2018, the Cascadia Association Football Federation competed in the 2018 ConIFA World Football Cup representing the Pacific Northwest. The Pacific Northwest definition is - the northwestern part of the U.S. near the Pacific coast. Upon entering Nootka Sound, they found William Douglas and his ship Iphigenia. The region also contains specimens of the tallest trees on earth, the coast redwoods, in southwestern Oregon, but the largest of these trees are located just south of the California border in northwestern California. Vancouver is home to a 4-team league for Australian football, the British Columbia Australian Football League, one of several Canadian Australian football leagues. Yet, one thing that sets us apart from other working class woodsy types around the country is our belief that we don’t have an accent. Besides English and indigenous languages, Chinese has been common since the gold rushes of the mid-19th century, most particularly in British Columbia. Throughout the Pacific Northwest, thousands of indigenous people live, and some continue to practice their rich cultural traditions, "organizing their societies around cedar and salmon".[23]. Pacific Northwest native Jeff Conn finds himself “cot” in the vowel shifts and rising intonations of a coalescing dialect. I can’t imagine living anywhere else than the Pacific Northwest. The hippie movement also began in California and the Pacific Northwest. Immediately inland from the Cascade Range are broad, generally dry plateaus. As in professional sports, college fans in the Pacific Northwest are known for being particularly passionate about their teams. [8][9] The most common conception includes the U.S. states of Idaho, Oregon and Washington and the Canadian province of British Columbia. American merchant sea-captain Robert Gray traded along the coast, and discovered the mouth of the Columbia River. [47], Under the Köppen climate classification, a warm-summer version of the dry-summer mediterranean (Csb) designation, is assigned to many areas of the Pacific Northwest as far north as central Vancouver Island and the Gulf Islands, including cities such as Victoria, Vancouver (coast area), Seattle and Portland. Most of the population of the Pacific Northwest is concentrated in the Portland–Seattle–Vancouver corridor. The eastern portions of Washington and especially Oregon, due to their low populations, do not generally have enough voting power to be competitive at the state level, and thus the governorships and U.S. Senate seats of both Oregon and Washington are usually held by the Democrats. What are synonyms for Pacific Northwest? In British Columbia environmentalist fought to protect Clayoquot Sound in the 1980s and 1990s. The Lieutenant-Governor from 2007 to 2012, Steven Point, was of aboriginal origin, being Stó:lō (the dominant type of Coast Salish in BC's Lower Mainland) from the Chilliwack area. The Skid Road Group, a shelter offering soup and sermons to the unemployed and recovering alcoholics, was launched in Vancouver, with the Salvation Army having deep roots in the Gastown district, dating back to the era of the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway (1880s) and attained prominence in the same centers during the Klondike Gold Rush. the Civil War. Medical marijuana is legal in British Columbia,[94] Washington,[95] and Oregon,[96] as well as in Alaska, which has legalised cannabis and has many licensed dispensaries,[97] and in the Yukon, although less than 50 of the territory's residents are licensed to use medical marijuana, and no legal dispensaries operate within its borders. Narrower conceptions may be limited to the coastal areas west of the Cascade and Coast mountains. In many cases, the specific location has been determined, in large part, by “wells of revival” that were experienced in prior generations. [6], Definitions of the Pacific Northwest region vary, and even Pacific Northwesterners do not agree on the exact boundary. Broader conceptions reach north into Southeast Alaska and Yukon, south into northern California, and east to the Continental Divide to include Western Montana and parts of Wyoming. Well, you're in luck! If defined as British Columbia, Idaho, Oregon and Washington, the Pacific Northwest has four US National Parks: Crater Lake in Oregon, and Olympic, Mount Rainier, and North Cascades in Washington. [138], This article is about the region that contains parts of United States and Canada. The Pacific Coast is seen by some scholars as a major coastal migration route in the settlement of the Americas by late Pleistocene peoples moving from northeast Asia into the Americas. The USSF Division 4 USL Premier Development League also has seven teams in the Northwest Division. More recently the province has agreed to environmental protections in the Great Bear Rainforest. French was the Voyageurs working language of the early continental crossover exploration crews. Other early occupation non-Indigenous settlements of interest, either long lasting or still in place, built and operated by either the North West Company, the Pacific Fur Company or the Hudson Bay Company include: Fort Saint-James (1806) oldest in British Columbia west of the Rockies, Spokane House (1810) oldest in Washington, Fort Astoria (1811) oldest in Oregon, Fort Nez Percés (1818), Fort Alexandria (1821), Fort Vancouver (1824), Fort Langley (1827) oldest in southern British Columbia, Fort Nisqually (1833) and Fort Victoria (1843). Both Husky Stadium (where the Washington Huskies play football) and Autzen Stadium (where the Oregon Ducks play football) have gained reputations for deafening noise, despite not being the largest of college football venues. But there's one word of native origin that I've never heard it outside of the Seattle area: tolo . If a larger regional definition is used, then other US National Parks might be included, such as Redwood National and State Parks, Glacier Bay National Park, Wrangell–St. [12], The coastal migration hypothesis has been bolstered by findings such as the report that the sediments in the Port Eliza Cave[13] on Vancouver Island indicate the possibility of survivable climate as far back as 16 kya (16,000 years ago) in the area, while the continental ice sheets were nearing their maximum extent. [29][30] While ashore, he claimed the area for Queen Elizabeth I as Nova Albion or New Albion. Canadian raising occurs in British Columbia and some speakers in Washington to a similar degree as it does in southern Ontario, but weaker than other parts of Canada. trawicks says: August 22, 2011 at 11:43 am. Native and newly arrived "half-breeds" (born out of "Europeans" and Indigenous alliances), local and newly arrived Indigenous people as well as "French Canadians" all issued of the fur trade were all able to peacefully coexist. [128] A recent study indicates that one quarter of those in Washington and Oregon have no religion. The dry land area inland from the Cascade Range and Coast Mountains is very different from the terrain and climate of the coastal area due to the rain shadow effect of the mountains, and comprises the Columbia, Fraser and Thompson Plateaus and mountain ranges contained within them. Microsoft and Nintendo of America also have Canadian branches headquartered in Vancouver—Microsoft Canada and Nintendo of Canada—respectively, while EA Vancouver (a subsidiary division of Electronic Arts) is located in the same city. During the second expedition, they met the American captain Robert Gray near Nootka Sound. The religious right has far less influence throughout the region than elsewhere in the U.S., and certain areas of the British Columbia Interior, particularly the West Kootenay and some areas of Vancouver Island and the BC Coast, have long histories of labour, environmental, and social activism (see History of British Columbia#Rise of the labour movement). [37] Maritime fur trader Charles William Barkley also visited the area in Imperial Eagle, a British ship falsely flying the flag of the Austrian Empire. Vogel, Eve. Pacific Northwest slang. [39] From the 1810s until the 1840s, modern-day Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and western Montana, along with most of British Columbia, were part of what the United States called the Oregon Country and Britain called the Columbia District. In nearest future, there will be Pacific Northwest pronunciation in Spanish, French, German and Portuguese. Thank you for your feedback! While Heceta sailed south, Quadra continued north in the expedition's second ship, Sonora, reaching Alaska, at 59° N.[35] In 1778 English mariner Captain James Cook visited Nootka Sound on Vancouver Island and also voyaged as far as Prince William Sound. British Columbians of many ethnicities are prominent in all levels of politics and government, and the province has a number of "firsts" in Canadian political history, including the first non-white and Asian Premier, Ujjal Dosanjh (who is Indo-Canadian) and the first Asian Lieutenant-Governor, the Hon. The expedition returned to Nootka Sound by August 1791. The Canadian Football League's BC Lions are considered Vancouver's second most popular team, although major league soccer's Vancouver Whitecaps FC have been rising in popularity in recent years. Winters are very mild for the region's latitude. At the time of his election to the office of Portland mayor in 2008, Sam Adams was the first openly gay individual to represent a city of Portland's size in the United States. Ready to challenge yourself? the Apple Cup (named so because of Washington's notoriety for apple production) and the Oregon-Oregon State game a.k.a. The crossword clue Largest airport in the Pacific Northwest with 6 letters was last seen on the November 18, 2020. Eastern spiritual beliefs have been adopted by an unusually large number of people (by North American standards), and Tibetan Buddhism in particular has a strong local following. Since the 1980s the Toishan, a Yue dialect predominant in the area, has been replaced by mainstream Cantonese and by Mandarin because of large-scale immigration from Asia. Their history in Canada includes resistance to state education and industrial development (see Sons of Freedom). 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