Below is the allocation of electoral votes for the 2020 presidential election. The current number of representatives is a significant decrease from the 47 votes it had between 1933 and 1953. It’s interesting to see the number of US states and their relative population sizes (in terms of electoral votes) over many different presidential elections. Infographic: Map of US Electoral College votes by state. Every four years on the first Tuesday following the first Monday of November, voters head to the polls to elect the president of the United States.The votes of the public determine electors, who formally choose the president through the electoral college.The number of electors a state receives is determined by the combined number of the state’s members of the U.S. House of … Omissions? The electoral votes are counted during a joint session of Congress on January 6, following the November election. The Electoral College is a unique method for indirectly electing the president of the United States. The state's large population is the main reason why it has such a high number of votes in the House of Representatives (53) and 2 senators in the Senate. Chart showing the electoral college votes by state in the United States. These members are sourced from each of the 50 US states, and the number of electors from a state is determined by the number of members it has in both the House of Representatives and Senate. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. There are currently 538 electors, and an absolute majority of electoral votes, 270 or more, is required to win the election. Click on the number of electoral votes for each state to see its Certificate of Vote. The Electoral College consists of a total of 538 members, one for each U.S. senator and representative, and three additional electors representing the District of Columbia. Florida and New York are tied for 3rd place, with 29 electoral college votes each. In all, there are 538 electoral votes and the number given to each state reflects the sum of the representatives and senators it sends to Congress. Allocation among the States Electoral votes are allocated among the States based on the Census. In 2020, the total number of electoral votes is 538. The Electoral College is a body of electors formed under the authority of the United States Constitution. There are 7 states, along with DC, that have 3 electoral votes, which is the minimum. States with larger populations have more electors. In this system, known as the Electoral College, each state gets the same number of electors as it has members of Congress — one for each member in the House of Representatives and one for each of the state’s two senators. Under federal law, Congress must meet Jan. 6 to open sealed certificates from each state that contain a record of their electoral votes. As of Thursday, he leads Trump 290-217, surpassing the 270 electoral votes needed to become the 46th President of the United States. By Ferdinand Bada on January 15 2020 in Politics. The table provides a list of U.S. electoral votes by state. Here's a guide to how many votes each state gets this year to decide the presidency. These results must … Every State is allocated a number of votes equal to the number of senators and representatives in its U.S. Congressional delegation—two votes for its senators in the U.S. Senate The votes are brought into the chamber in mahogany boxes. Make sure to update your bookmarks! Presently, the two houses have 535 members, with 435 coming from the House of Representatives and 100 from the Senate. Every four years on the first Tuesday following the first Monday of November, voters head to the polls to elect the president of the United States. Majority needed to elect the president and vice president: 270. Nicknamed the Empire State, New York has the fourth highest population in the US, estimated at 19.5 million, and an area of about 54,555 sq mi. Bipartisan representatives of both chambers read the results out loud and do an official count. The candidate to hit the 270 electoral vote mark first - a majority of the 538 - wins the US election.Here we explain how the Electoral College system works. The race for the White House all comes down to 270 Electoral College votes. Each state has a meeting for their state's electors to cast their votes. Since 1964, there have been 538 electors. It takes 270 or more Electoral College votes to win the election.The biggest states California (55), New York (29), Texas (38), Pennsylvania (20) and Florida (29) have the most impact on the result of the presidential election. The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. California, the most populous state, has 53 representatives in the U.S. House of Representatives. After the meeting, each state's votes are sent to Congress and the National Archives. Which Countries Were First To Elect Women Leaders? Additionally, the speaker of the Lower House is from California. The additional two seats are from the two senators, who are both currently Republicans. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. California is located in the country's Pacific region. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... United States electoral college votes by state. A majority of 270 electoral votes is required to elect the President. Electoral college map shows how many electoral votes each state has and which are the key swing states in 2020 election. Below is a schedule of final closing times for each state and how many electoral votes each state is allotted. In the presidential election, each state gets a certain number of electoral votes based on its number of senators and representatives. After the Census, the number of representatives is reapportioned to reflect any changes in population. Electoral college map shows how many electoral votes each state has and which are the key swing states in 2020 election States With Most Electoral Votes Results of the 2016 Presidential Election Therefore, every state has at least three electoral votes because even the smallest states have one representative and two senators. In all, there are 538 electoral votes and the number given to each state reflects the sum of the representatives and senators it sends to Congress. Since most states use a winner-takes-all arrangement in which the candidate with the most votes in that state receives all of the state's electoral votes, there is a clear incentive to focus almost exclusively on only a few key undecided states; in recent elections, these states have included Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Florida in 2004 and 2008, and included Colorado in 2012. Election results have now been certified in all 50 states and Washington, D.C., moving Joseph R. Biden Jr. one step closer to the White House. Seven states and the District of Columbia (D.C.) have the minimum number of seats, which is three, namely Alaska, Vermont, Delaware, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming, and Montana. The votes of the public determine electors, who formally choose the president through the electoral college. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Essentially, the amendment extends the rights of a state to the district. In addition to having the most electoral seats, it is also the most populous state, with an estimated population of 39.6 million. So, combine that with the state's two senators, and it has 55 … The number of electors a state receives is determined by the combined number of the state’s members of the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate. Florida - 29, an increase of 2 electoral votes. This animation shows the number of electoral votes each state had during each of the 59 presidential elections in US history between 1788 and 2020. The presiding officer opens and presents the certificates of the electoral votes in alphabetical order of the states. The tellers then record and count the votes, and the presiding officer announces who has won the majority votes for both president and vice president. The number of any additional electoral votes per state is determined by the United States Census which is completed every ten years. The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Nicknamed the Golden State, California is also the third-largest state in terms of area. State Number of Electoral Votes for Each State For President For Vice-President; Joseph R. Biden Jr., of Delaware: Donald J. Trump, of Florida: Kamala D. Harris, of California: Michael R. Pence, of Indiana: Alabama: 9-9-9. A majority of 270 electoral votes is required to elect the President. The Electoral College website now has an easy-to-remember address. Your state’s entitled allotment of electors equals the number of members in its Congressional delegation: one for each member in the House of … No state can have fewer than three electors. We'll be keeping a close eye on the states as they're called, and the number of electoral votes each one has. This page lists the electoral votes for each of the 50 US states for the 2020 Presidential Election. Your State has the same number of electors as it does Members in its Congressional delegation: one for each Member in the House of Representatives plus two Senators. Read more about the allocation of electoral votes. It was determined by the 2010 Census. This article was most recently revised and updated by, United States Electoral College Votes by State, https://www.britannica.com/topic/United-States-Electoral-College-Votes-by-State-1787124. The Twenty-Third Amendment to the US Constitution allows citizens living in the District of Columbia to vote in presidential elections. Which States Split Their Electoral Votes? Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Corrections? How many electoral votes each state gets when electing president. UNLIKE many countries, the presidential election is decided by the number of Electoral College votes, rather than the popular vote. The additional three come from the District of Colombia, as stipulated by the Twenty-Third Amendment. The body is made up of 538 members, which means a candidate needs at least 270 votes to win. The Twenty-third Amendment, adopted in 1961, provided electoral college representation for Washington, D.C. Florida and New York each have 29 seats, while Illinois and Pennsylvania are also tied, with 20 seats per state. What Were the Main Causes of World War II? There are 435 representatives in total and 100 senators. The appointed “tellers” from each chamber, members of both parties, then read each certificate out loud. California has the most electoral seats of any US state, with a total of 55, while Texas ranks second with 38 seats. The vice president then announces the result. The number of any additional electoral votes per state is determined by the United States Census which is completed every ten years. Each state has a number of electoral votes equal to the combined total of its congressional delegation, and each state le… How many electoral votes did Trump get - and which states did he win? Understanding The Relationship Between Hong Kong And China. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. How many Electoral College votes are needed to win? Texas is the nation’s second-largest state, with an area of about 268,581 sq mi, and a large estimated population of 29 million. California and Texas have the most electoral college votes, with 55 and 38 votes respectively. If Biden wins Georgia, where he currently has a narrow lead, he will end up with a total of 306 electoral votes. Each state gets a number of votes … It was established by Article II, Section 1, Clause 2 of the U.S. Constitution and modified by the 12th and 23rd Amendments. UNLIKE many countries, the presidential election is decided by the number of Electoral College votes, rather than the popular vote. In addition to two senators, the rest of New York's electoral representation comes from members of the Lower House. In the previous presidential election, more than half of the votes from Texas went to the Republican contender. The state's population increased by 2,818,932 or 17.6 … States select 535 of the electors, this number matches the aggregate total of their congressional delegations. Ratified on March 29, 1961, it grants the District of Columbia the number of electors that does not exceed the number of votes granted to the least populous state, which is three. California and Texas … The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. Because each state has two senators, the key factor is each state's number of representatives - which is based on population. How many electoral votes does each state have? A candidate needs a majority of 270 electoral votes to win each race. The state of New York is situated in the country’s northeastern region and is one of the original Thirteen Colonies. Total: 538. Joe Biden has secured the 270 votes he needed in the 538-vote Electoral College to win the presidency. E lectors will meet in each state … As President Donald Trump and Democratic nominee Joe Biden campaign in the closing days of the 2020 election, they are focused on a few key states, the states that have the Electoral College votes that will help them win the presidency. How many electoral votes each state gets when electing president We'll be keeping a close eye on the states as they're called, and the number of electoral votes each one has… Currently, that number is 535, the Congressional delegations plus three delegates from the District of Columbia. The number of electors from each state equals the number of members in that state’s Congressional delegation – one for each House of Representatives member and one for each senator. Updates? The electoral votes are deteremined based on the 2010 US Census. The Electoral College is not a building, but a process that counts votes in states to assign “electors” to elect a U.S. president. This is one reason why the Census, taken every 10 years, is vital -- it helps determine how many seats in the House each state gets. That can mean the number of electors each state can vary in different presidential elections. Each state’s number of Electoral College votes is its number of House of Representative members (which is determined by the state’s population) plus its number of senators (each state has … The number of electoral votes for each state is equal to the sum of its number of Senators and its number of Representatives. The number of electoral votes for each state is equal to the sum of its number of Senators and its number of Representatives. The president-elect and vice president-elect are then sworn in on January 20. The body is formed every four years during a national election for the purpose of electing the two highest leadership positions in the US, the president, and vice president. Like California, the state's high number of representatives in the Lower House (36) is due to its large population. Every State is allocated a number of votes equal to the number of senators and representatives in its U.S. Congressional delegation—two votes for its senators in the U.S. Senate plus a number of votes equal to the number of its Congressional districts. The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. Encyclopaedia Britannica a close eye on the 2010 US Census with 55 and 38 votes respectively of. Is a unique method for indirectly electing the president and vice president 270... 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